3 years ago

Scaffold-Free Liver-On-A-Chip with Multiscale Organotypic Cultures

Scaffold-Free Liver-On-A-Chip with Multiscale Organotypic Cultures
Ming-Cheng Shih, Yu-Shih Weng, Shih-Heng Tseng, Chih-Huang Lai, Shau-Feng Chang
The considerable advances that have been made in the development of organotypic cultures have failed to overcome the challenges of expressing tissue-specific functions and complexities, especially for organs that require multitasking and complex biological processes, such as the liver. Primary liver cells are ideal biological building blocks for functional organotypic reconstruction, but are limited by their rapid loss of physiological integrity in vitro. Here the concept of lattice growth used in material science is applied to develop a tissue incubator, which provides physiological cues and controls the 3D assembly of primary cells. The cues include a biological growing template, spatial coculture, biomimetic radial flow, and circulation in a scaffold-free condition. The feasibility of recapitulating a multiscale physiological structural hierarchy, complex drug clearance, and zonal physiology from the cell to tissue level in long-term cultured liver-on-a-chip is demonstrated. These methods are promising for future applications in pharmacodynamics and personal medicine. The concept of lattice growth is applied to develop a scaffold-free tissue incubator which provides physiological cues and controls the 3D assembly of primary cells. The feasibility of recapitulating a multiscale physiological structural hierarchy, complex drug clearance, and zonal physiology from the cell to tissue level in long-term cultured liver-on-a-chip is also demonstrated. These methods are promising for future applications in pharmacodynamics and personal medicine.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201701545

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