3 years ago

Three-dimensional radial α-MnO2 synthesized from different redox potential for bifunctional oxygen electrocatalytic activities

Three-dimensional radial α-MnO2 synthesized from different redox potential for bifunctional oxygen electrocatalytic activities
The morphology of manganese dioxides has great effects on their electrocatalytic activities. Herein, two different types of three-dimensional (3D) radial α-MnO2 (dandelion- and urchin-like) catalysts are readily fabricated via two different redox reactions through the hydrothermal method, and their electrocatalytic activities are studied for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER). As a result, the dandelion-like α-MnO2 exhibits a higher electrocatalytic performance than urchin-like α-MnO2, with a lower overpotential (20 mV lower for ORR and 90 mV lower for OER), higher mass activity and lower Tafel slope. The excellent electrocatalytic activity of dandelion-like α-MnO2 can be attributed to its relatively larger BET and electrochemical active surface area, richer defects, higher amount of Mn3+, and less charge transfer resistance. Our results shed insights into developing new way in constructing the deficient α-MnO2 bifunctional oxygen electrocatalysts.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0378775317309096

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