5 years ago

Elucidation of the Stereospecificity of C-Methyltransferases from trans-AT Polyketide Synthases

Elucidation of the Stereospecificity of C-Methyltransferases from trans-AT Polyketide Synthases
David E. Cane, Chaitan Khosla, Xinqiang Xie
S-Adenosyl methionine (SAM)-dependent C-methyltransferases are responsible for the C2-methylation of 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) intermediates to give the corresponding 2-methy-3-ketoacyl-ACP products during bacterial polyketide biosynthesis mediated by trans-AT polyketide synthases that lack integrated acyl transferase (AT) domains. A coupled ketoreductase (KR) assay was used to assign the stereochemistry of the C-methyltransferase-catalyzed reaction. Samples of chemoenzymatically generated 3-ketopentanoyl-ACP (9) were incubated with SAM and BonMT2 from module 2 of the bongkrekic acid polyketide synthase. The resulting 2-methyl-3-ketopentanoyl-ACP (10) was incubated separately with five (2R)- or (2S)-methyl specific KR domains. Analysis of the derived 2-methyl-3-hydroxypentanoate methyl esters (8) by chiral GC-MS established that the BonMT2-catalyzed methylation generated exclusively (2R)-2-methyl-3-ketopentanoyl-ACP ((2R)-10). Identical results were also obtained with three additional C-methyltransferases—BaeMT9, DifMT1, and MupMT1—from the bacillaene, difficidin, and mupirocin trans-AT polyketide synthases

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b02911

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b02911

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.