<i>EINCR1</i> is an EGF inducible lincRNA overexpressed in lung adenocarcinomas
by Karol Nowicki-Osuch, Yaoyong Li, Mairi Challinor, David T. Gerrard, Neil A. Hanley, Andrew D. SharrocksLong non-coding RNAs are being increasingly recognised as important molecules involved in regulating a diverse array of biological functions. For example, many long non-coding RNAs have been associated with tumourigenesis and in this context their molecular functions often involves impacting on chromatin and transcriptional control processes. One important cellular control system that is often deregulated in cancer cells is the ERK MAP kinase pathway. Here we have investigated whether ERK pathway signaling in response to EGF stimulation, leads to changes in the production of long non-coding RNAs. We identify several different classes of EGF pathway-regulated lncRNAs. We focus on one of the inducible lincRNAs, EGF inducible long intergenic non-coding RNA 1 (EINCR1). EINCR1 is predominantly nuclear and shows delayed activation kinetics compared to other immediate-early EGF-inducible genes. In humans it is expressed in a tissue-specific manner and is mainly confined to the heart but it exhibits little evolutionary conservation. Importantly, in several cancers EINCR1 shows elevated expression levels which correlate with poor survival in lung adenocarcinoma patients. In the context of lung adenocarcinomas, EINCR1 expression is anti-correlated with the expression of several protein coding EGF-regulated genes. A potential functional connection is demonstrated as EINCR1 overexpression is shown to reduce the expression of EGF-regulated protein coding genes including FOS and FOSB.
Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article
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