3 years ago

Investigation of the Molecular Mechanisms of Melting and Crystallization of Isotactic Polypropylene by in Situ Raman Spectroscopy

Investigation of the Molecular Mechanisms of Melting and Crystallization of Isotactic Polypropylene by in Situ Raman Spectroscopy
Koh-hei Nitta, Yusuke Hiejima, Kento Takeda
In situ Raman spectroscopy has been used to reveal the molecular behavior of isotactic polypropylene during melting and crystallization. The 400 cm–1 band assigned to C–C–C bending shows a blue-shift during heating, suggesting an increase in conformational disorder, whereas the 1330 cm–1 band assigned to CH2 twisting shows a red-shift owing to an increase in the interchain distance. We suggest that interchain expansion proceeds even in the melt state, while the chain conformation becomes sufficiently disordered at the melting point. During the cooling process, the peak shifts at given temperatures are essentially the same as those during heating, except for the supercooled region where the peak shifts show obvious hystereses. By extrapolating the linear correlation between the peak shift of the 400 cm–1 band and the characteristic length along the chain axis, the critical stem size for crystallization is estimated to be ∼2.4 nm.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.7b00229

DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.7b00229

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