5 years ago

Separating Proton and Electron Transfer Effects in Three-Component Concerted Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer Reactions

Separating Proton and Electron Transfer Effects in Three-Component Concerted Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer Reactions
Wesley D. Morris, James M. Mayer
Multiple-site concerted proton–electron transfer (MS-CPET) reactions were studied in a three-component system. 1-Hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine (TEMPOH) was oxidized to the stable radical TEMPO by electron transfer to ferrocenium oxidants coupled to proton transfer to various pyridine bases. These MS-CPET reactions contrast with the usual reactivity of TEMPOH by hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) to a single e/H+ acceptor. The three-component reactions proceed by pre-equilibrium formation of a hydrogen-bonded adduct between TEMPOH and the pyridine base, and the adduct is then oxidized by the ferrocenium in a bimolecular MS-CPET step. The second-order rate constants, measured using stopped-flow kinetic techniques, spanned 4 orders of magnitude. An advantage of this system is that the MS-CPET driving force could be independently varied by changing either the pKa of the base or the reduction potential (E°) of the oxidant. Changes in ΔG°MS-CPET from either source had the same effect on the MS-CPET rate constants, and a combined Brønsted plot of ln(kMS-CPET) vs ln(Keq) was linear with a slope of 0.46. These results imply a synchronous concerted mechanism, in which the proton and electron transfer components of the CPET process make equal contributions to the rate constants. The only outliers to the Brønsted correlation are the reactions with sterically hindered pyridines, which apparently hinder the close approach of proton donor and acceptor that facilitates MS-CPET. These three-component reactions are compared with a related HAT reaction of TEMPOH, with the 2,4,6-tri-tert-butylphenoxyl radical. The MS-CPET and HAT oxidations of TEMPOH at the same driving force occurred with similar rate constants. While this is an imperfect comparison, the data suggest that the separation of the proton and electron to different reagents does not significantly inhibit the proton-coupled electron transfer process.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b03562

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b03562

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