3 years ago

Photoluminescence Enhancement through Symmetry Breaking Induced by Defects in Nanocrystals

Photoluminescence Enhancement through Symmetry Breaking Induced by Defects in Nanocrystals
Al. L. Efros, Peter C. Sercel, A. Shabaev
We present a theoretical model for the effect of symmetry breaking introduced by the doping of semiconductor nanocrystals with Coulomb impurities. The presence of a Coulomb center breaks the nanocrystal symmetry and affects its optical properties through the mixing of the hole spin and parity sublevels, breaking the selection rules responsible for the exciton dark state in undoped nanocrystals. After reviewing the effects on the exciton fine structure and optical selection rules using symmetry theory, we present a perturbative model to quantify the effects. We find that the symmetry breaking proceeds by two mechanisms: First, mixing by even parity terms in the Coulomb multipole expansion results in an exciton fine structure consisting of three optically active doublets which are polarized along x, y, and z axes with a ground optically passive dark exciton state, and second, odd parity terms which break inversion symmetry significantly activate optical transitions which are optically forbidden in the unperturbed nanocrystal due to both spin and parity selection rules. In the case of small sized “quasi-spherical” nanocrystals, the introduction of a single positively charged Coulomb center is shown here to result in significant enhancement of the radiative decay rate at room temperatures by up to a factor of 10.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01662

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01662

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