3 years ago

Salt Promotes Protonation of Amine Groups at Air/Water Interface

Salt Promotes Protonation of Amine Groups at Air/Water Interface
Woongmo Sung, Zaure Avazbaeva, Doseok Kim
Interfacial water reorientation caused by charged Langmuir monolayers consisting of primary fatty amine (ODA) and cationic lipid having quaternary amine headgroup (DPTAP) were investigated by interface-selective vibrational sum-frequency generation spectroscopy. For DPTAP monolayer, initially large sum-frequency intensity from interfacial water OH band decreased steadily by increasing monovalent salt (NaCl, NaI) concentration due to counterion adsorption. On the other hand, ODA/water exhibited significantly smaller sum-frequency intensity than DPTAP/water, implying only small portion of protonated amine group (−NH3+) initially existed. By increasing the ionic strength, however, SF intensity of water OH band was enhanced markedly up to ∼1 mM, and then decreased in both NaCl and NaI solutions. By measuring the phase of the sum-frequency spectra, it was found that water dipoles under the ODA headgroup point downward, indicating that the surfaces were always positively charged. This demonstrated that increasing ionic strength facilitates protonation of primary amine headgroups. A simple model based on Poisson–Boltzmann (PB) theory explained this protonation behavior of primary amines.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01198

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01198

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