3 years ago

Influence of Relativistic Effects on Assembled Structures of V-Shaped Bispyridine Molecules on M(111) Surfaces Where M = Cu, Ag, Au

Influence of Relativistic Effects on Assembled Structures of V-Shaped Bispyridine Molecules on M(111) Surfaces Where M = Cu, Ag, Au
Gaochen Gu, Na Li, Damian Nieckarz, Yongfeng Wang, Yajie Zhang, Chenyang Yuan, Xue Zhang, Boon K. Teo, Shimin Hou, Hao Wang, Paweł Szabelski
The self-assembly behavior of a V-shaped bispyridine, 1,3-bi(4-pyridyl)benzene (BPyB), was studied by scanning tunneling microscopy on the (111) surfaces of Cu, Ag, and Au. BPyB molecules coordinately bonded with active Cu adatoms on Cu(111) in the form of complete polygonal rings at low coverages. On Ag(111), BPyB molecules aggregated into two-dimensional islands by relatively weak intermolecular hydrogen bonds. The coexistence of hydrogen bonds and coordination interaction was observed on the BPyB-covered Au(111) substrate. Density functional theory calculations of the metal–molecule binding energy and Monte Carlo simulations were performed to help understand the forming mechanism of molecular superstructures on the surfaces. In particular, the comprehensive orbital composition analysis interprets the observed metal–organic complexes and reveals the importance of relativistic effects for the extraordinary activity of gold adatoms. The relativistic effects cause the energy stability of the Au 6s atomic orbital and decrease the energy separation between the Au 6s and 5d orbitals. The enhanced sd hybridization strengthens the N–Au–N bond in BPyB–Au–BPyB complexes.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b04559

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b04559

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