3 years ago

Modification of silica with NH4+ agents to prepare an acidic support for iridium hydrogenation catalyst

Modification of silica with NH4+ agents to prepare an acidic support for iridium hydrogenation catalyst
The inert SiO2 was modified with basic or slightly acidic aqueous solutions of ammonium compounds in order to impact acidic properties to its surface. The obtained silica samples were used as supports for iridium catalysts (1 wt%). The influence of the support acidity on the activity of iridium catalyst for toluene hydrogenation was examined. The acidity of the modified SiO2 was estimated by means of temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia (NH3-TPD) and FT-IR spectra of adsorbed pyridine. It has been found that the sample treated with the basic solution had a higher total acidity, however, the sample modified with the acidic solution had a higher contribution of strong Lewis acid sites. The acidic solution-treated sample had also a higher number of silanol groups compared to the parent SiO2 (FT-IR data). The activity of iridium catalysts supported on the modified samples (particularly that on the acidic solution-treated SiO2) for toluene hydrogenation was higher than that of the catalyst supported on unmodified SiO2. The obtained results bring to conclusion that catalytic activity for toluene hydrogenation is influenced by the contribution of strong Lewis acid sites and the content of silanol groups rather than by total acidity.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1387181117305036

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