5 years ago

Catalytic removal of organic template from TEA-β zeolite by copper ions

Catalytic removal of organic template from TEA-β zeolite by copper ions
The simultaneous decomposition of organic template and incorporation of copper ions into the zeolite were investigated during the heating mixture of copper chloride hydroxide and TEA-β zeolite under static air atmosphere. Detailed characterizations of the samples during calcination and subsequent copper removal treatment were performed with the aid of TG/MS, IR, XRD, pyridine-IR, XPS, 27Al and 29Si MAS-NMR. It was evidenced that the zeolite detemplation process facilitated the copper ions reduction and migration, inducing the solid ion exchange of copper species with TEA-β zeolite at lower temperature. These reduced copper ions migrated into the zeolite to occupy BrØnsted acid sites, and acted as catalysts to accelerate the oxidative decomposition of organic molecules significantly. The result showed that the virtually complete removal of organic template and incorporation of copper ions were obtained in one step by calcination at 350 °C for 3 h, and these ingoing copper species could be easily removed by re-exchanging with ammonium solution. After detemplation and copper removal, the purified H-β zeolite could still retain a well-defined structure and BrØnsted acid sites, showing a higher catalytic activity on the alkylation of benzene with ethylene compared with the conventionally prepared H-β zeolite.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1387181117304924

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