5 years ago

Lignin-based carbon fibers: Accelerated stabilization of lignin fibers in the presence of hydrogen chloride

Lignin-based carbon fibers: Accelerated stabilization of lignin fibers in the presence of hydrogen chloride
David Paul Harper, Zhongren Yue, Omid Hosseinaei, Ahmad Vakili
Organosolv switchgrass lignin (SGL) and hardwood lignin (HWL) polymers are used as precursors to prepare low cost carbon fibers (CFs). Lignin powder and fiber samples are stabilized and carbonized at different conditions to investigate the effect of HCl on thermal-oxidative stabilization time, mass yield, fiber diameter, and mechanical properties. The results show that HCl can accelerate stabilization and reduce the stabilization time from many hours to 75 min for the SGL fibers, and to 35 min for the HWL fiber. The rate of rapid stabilization in HCl/air is at least four times faster than conventional stabilization in air. The CFs prepared with two different stabilization methods have almost the same strength and modulus, but higher carbon yield is obtained with the rapid stabilization due to a short time of oxidation. Pores and defects observed on the surface and the cross-section of the CFs across all stabilization conditions contribute to low fiber strength. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45507.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.45507

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