4 years ago

Selection of Natural Peptide Ligands for Copper-Catalyzed Azide–Alkyne Cycloaddition Catalysis

Selection of Natural Peptide Ligands for Copper-Catalyzed Azide–Alkyne Cycloaddition Catalysis
M. G. Finn, Allison G. Aioub, Kelly Gamble, Lindsay Dahora
The copper-catalyzed azide–alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction is a powerful tool for making connections in both organic reactions and biological systems. However, the use of this ligation process in living cells is limited by the toxicity associated with unbound copper ions. As an initial attempt to create peptide-based accelerating ligands capable of cellular expression, we performed synthesis and selection for such species on solid-phase synthesis beads bearing both candidate ligand and alkyne substrate. A simple histidine-containing motif (HXXH) was identified, and found after solution-phase optimization to produce single-turnover systems showing moderate rate acceleration over the ligand-free reaction. CuAAC reaction rates and yields for different alkynes were found to respond to the peptide ligands, demonstrating a substrate scope beyond what was used for the selection steps, but also illustrating the potential difficulty in evolving a general CuAAC catalyst.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00161

DOI: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00161

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