5 years ago

New Lanthanide Tag for the Generation of Pseudocontact Shifts in DNA by Site-Specific Ligation to a Phosphorothioate Group

New Lanthanide Tag for the Generation of Pseudocontact Shifts in DNA by Site-Specific Ligation to a Phosphorothioate Group
Zuyan Wu, Monika Szabo, Gottfried Otting, Matthew L. Dennis, Michael D. Lee, Bim Graham, Thomas J. Carruthers, James D. Swarbrick
Pseudocontact shifts (PCS) generated by paramagnetic lanthanides provide a rich source of long-range structural restraints that can readily be measured by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Many different lanthanide-binding tags have been designed for site-specific tagging of proteins, but established routes for tagging DNA with a single metal ion rely on difficult chemical synthesis. Here we present a simple and practical strategy for site-specific tagging of inexpensive phosphorothioate (PT) oligonucleotides. Commercially available PT oligonucleotides are diastereomers with S and R stereoconfiguration at the backbone PT site. The respective SP and RP diastereomers can readily be separated by HPLC. A new alkylating lanthanide-binding tag, C10, was synthesized that delivered quantitative tagging yields with both diastereomers. PCSs were observed following ligation with the complementary DNA strand to form double-stranded DNA duplexes. The PCSs were larger for the SP than the RP oligonucleotide and good correlation between back-calculated and experimental PCSs was observed. The C10 tag can also be attached to cysteine residues in proteins, where it generates a stable thioether bond. Ligated to the A28C mutant of ubiquitin, the tag produced excellent fits of magnetic susceptibility anisotropy (Δχ) tensors, with larger tensors than for the tagged PT oligonucleotides, indicating that the tag is not completely immobilized after ligation with a PT group.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00202

DOI: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00202

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.