5 years ago

Enantioselective β-Protonation of Enals via a Shuttling Strategy

Enantioselective β-Protonation of Enals via a Shuttling Strategy
Pengfei Yuan, Jiean Chen, Leming Wang, Yong Huang
Remote asymmetric protonation is a longstanding challenge due to the small size of protons. Reactions involving electron-deficient olefins pose a further difficulty due to the electrophilic nature of these substrates. We report a shuttling system that delivers a proton in a highly enantioselective manner to the β-carbon of enals using a chiral N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) catalyst. Choices of a Brønsted base shuttle and a Brønsted acid cocatalyst are critical for highly stereoselective β-protonation of the homoenolate intermediate and regeneration of the NHC catalyst results in functionalization of the carbonyl group. Thioesters with a β-chiral center were prepared in a redox-neutral transformation with an excellent yield and ee.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b02889

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b02889

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