3 years ago

Screening of Nanocomposite Scaffolds Arrays Using Superhydrophobic-Wettable Micropatterns

Screening of Nanocomposite Scaffolds Arrays Using Superhydrophobic-Wettable Micropatterns
Sofia G. Caridade, João F. Mano, Mariana B. Oliveira, Álvaro J. Leite
Platforms containing multiple arrays for high-throughput screening are demanded in the development of biomaterial libraries. Here, an array platform for the combinatorial analysis of cellular interactions and 3D porous biomaterials is described. Using a novel method based on computer-aided manufacturing, wettable regions are printed on superhydrophobic surfaces, generating isolated spots. This freestanding benchtop array is used as a tool to deposit naturally derived polymers, chitosan and hyaluronic acid, with bioactive glass nanoparticles (BGNPs) to obtain a scaffold matrix. The effect of fibronectin adsorption on the scaffolds is also tested. The biomimetic nanocomposite scaffolds are shown to be osteoconductive, non-cytotoxic, promote cell adhesion, and regulate osteogenic commitment. The method proves to be suitable for screening of biomaterials in 3D cell cultures as it can recreate a multitude of combinations on a single platform and identify the optimal composition that drives to desired cell responses. The platforms are fully compatible with commercially routine cell culture labware and established characterization methods, allowing for a standard control and easy adaptability to the cell culture environment. This study shows the value of 3D structured array platforms to decode the combinatorial interactions at play in cell microenvironments. Superhydrophobic surfaces patterned with wettable spots offer the advantages of benchtop array formation for 3D cell cultures and high-throughput screening. The arrays are suitable for characterization of nanocomposite scaffolds. Moreover, they are compatible with cell culture labware and established characterization methods, allowing standardization and adaptability. This study unveils the synergy between nanocomposites and cell behavior to develop biomaterial libraries.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201701219

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