5 years ago

Photopolymerizable Zwitterionic Polymer Patterns Control Cell Adhesion and Guide Neural Growth

Photopolymerizable Zwitterionic Polymer Patterns Control Cell Adhesion and Guide Neural Growth
Marlan R. Hansen, Linjing Xu, Braden L. Leigh, C. Allan Guymon, Elise Cheng, Corinne Andresen
Developing materials that reduce or eliminate fibrosis encapsulation of neural prosthetic implants could significantly enhance implant fidelity by improving the tissue/electrode array interface. Here, we report on the photografting and patterning of two zwitterionic materials, sulfobetaine methacrylate (SBMA) and carboxybetaine methacrylate (CBMA), for controlling the adhesion and directionality of cells relevant to neural prosthetics. CBMA and SBMA polymers were photopolymerized and grafted on glass surfaces then characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, water contact angle, and protein adsorption. Micropatterned surfaces were fabricated with alternating zwitterionic and uncoated bands. Fibroblasts, cells prevalent in fibrotic tissue, almost exclusively migrate and grow on uncoated bands with little to no cells present on zwitterionic bands, especially for CBMA-coated surfaces. Astrocytes and Schwann cells showed similarly low levels of cell adhesion and morphology changes when cultured on zwitterionic surfaces. Additionally, Schwann cells and inner ear spiral ganglion neuron neurites aligned well to zwitterionic patterns.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00579

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00579

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