3 years ago

Effect of Adsorbed Water Molecules on Light Harvesting and Electron Injection Processes in Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline TiO2 Films

Effect of Adsorbed Water Molecules on Light Harvesting and Electron Injection Processes in Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline TiO2 Films
Hiroyuki Matsuzaki, Ryota Ishizaki, Ryosuke Fukino, Ryuzi Katoh
We studied the effects of adsorbed water molecules on light harvesting and electron injection processes in nanocrystalline TiO2 films sensitized with Ru-complex dyes. We found that the absorption spectra of adsorbed dyes containing SCN groups were sensitive to humidity (that is, the dyes exhibited vapochromism) and that the absorption spectra of dyes adsorbed on nanocrystalline films differed slightly from the spectra of the same dyes adsorbed on TiO2 single crystals, suggesting that the orientation of the dye molecules on the surface was affected by surface-adsorbed water molecules. The dynamics of electron injection from the excited dye molecules into the TiO2 were studied by transient absorption spectroscopy. Transient absorption signal intensities decreased with decreasing humidity, indicating that electron injection efficiency was reduced by loss of water molecules from the surface. IR spectroscopy indicated that only a small amount of physisorbed water was lost upon drying, and the use of an indicator dye showed that the proton concentration around the dye molecules on the surface was markedly increased by drying. On the basis of these findings, we discuss possible mechanisms for the vapochromism and for the reduction in electron injection efficiency caused by the loss of water molecules from the surface.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03159

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03159

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