3 years ago

Vertically Aligned Nickel 2-Methylimidazole Metal–Organic Framework Fabricated from Graphene Oxides for Enhancing Fire Safety of Polystyrene

Vertically Aligned Nickel 2-Methylimidazole Metal–Organic Framework Fabricated from Graphene Oxides for Enhancing Fire Safety of Polystyrene
Xia Zhou, Yanbei Hou, Yuan Hu, Zhou Gui, Weizhao Hu
In this work, flowerlike nickel 2-methylimidazole metal–organic framework (Ni-MOF) was prepared by a solvothermal method. Vertically aligned Ni-MOF was fabricated from graphene oxide (GO) solution in the same way. The combination of GO and Ni-MOF (GOF) obviously suppressed the agglomeration of Ni-MOF sheets. As-synthesized, GOF has bigger pore volume and specific surface area, which are beneficial for volatile degradation products adsorption. It is noteworthy that the addition of GOF obviously reduced the fire hazard of polystyrene (PS). More than 33% decrease in the peak heat release rate for the PS/GOF composite was obtained when the content of the additives is only 1.0 wt %. Meanwhile, the reductions of total smoke and CO production were also prominent during the combustion of PS/GOF, respectively 21% and 52.3% decreases compared with that of pure PS. The synergism effects between layered GO and porous Ni-MOF realized the improved performances of PS. Thus, this work paves a feasible pathway to design efficient flame retardants for enhancing fire safety of polymers.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.7b01906

DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.7b01906

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