3 years ago

An Optical Actuator Based on Gold-Nanoparticle-Containing Temperature-Memory Semicrystalline Polymers

An Optical Actuator Based on Gold-Nanoparticle-Containing Temperature-Memory Semicrystalline Polymers
Feijie Ge, Xia Tong, Yue Zhao, Jun Xiang, Xili Lu
Photoresponsive actuators based on semicrystalline poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) loaded with small amounts of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are described. Upon absorption of light (532 nm), the heat released by the AuNPs raises the temperature in the irradiated region to Tlight to melt crystallites with lower melting temperatures (TmTlight . Once the light is turned off, the recrystallization of oriented chains in the actuation domains upon cooling gives rise to an expansion force. We show that the photoinduced contraction force, Tlight , and the speed for reaching Tlight can readily be adjusted, which makes EVA/AuNP a robust, fast optical actuation system tunable in both speed and magnitude. The material design can easily be extended to other temperature-memory semicrystalline polymers in combination with various light-absorbing and heat-generating additives. In good shape: A semicrystalline poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA)/gold nanoparticle (AuNP) nanocomposite can be used as an optical actuator. Both the magnitude and the speed of actuation can be tuned by adjusting the light intensity, AuNP content, specimen thickness, and elongation degree.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201612164

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