3 years ago

3,5-Bis(3-dimethylaminomethyl-4-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-piperidone and related compounds induce glutathione oxidation and mitochondria-mediated cell death in HCT-116 colon cancer cells

3,5-Bis(3-dimethylaminomethyl-4-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-piperidone and related compounds induce glutathione oxidation and mitochondria-mediated cell death in HCT-116 colon cancer cells
This study aims at investigating the cytotoxicity and some of the modes of action of 3,5-bis(3-dimethylamino-4-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-piperidone trihydrochloride 3 and two related compounds 2 (which lacks the dimethylaminomethyl groups) and 4 (which has an additional dimethylaminoethyl substituent in both aryl rings) in order to ascertain the contribution of dimethylaminoethyl substituent to bioactivity. The bioactivities of 24 were compared with curcumin 5. Both 2 and 3 displayed submicromolar GI50 values towards HCT-116 cells and were significantly more potent than 4, 5 and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). All of the compounds displayed greater toxicity towards HCT-116 cells than human CRL-1790 non-malignant colon cells. In HCT-116 cells, the compounds 2, 3 and 5 increased the ratio of oxidised to reduced glutathione and destabilized the mitochondrial membrane potential. Both 2 and 5 produced an increase in mitochondrial superoxide and a burst in intracellular reactive oxygen species in HCT 116 cells. In addition, 2 and 4 stimulated respiration in rat liver mitochondria while 2 and 5 induced mitochondrial swelling. The results suggest that 2 and 5 cause oxidation or cross-linking of the thiols which control the mitochondrial permeability transition.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960894X17307138

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