5 years ago

Potent antiobesity effect of a short-length peptide YY-analogue continuously administered in mice

Potent antiobesity effect of a short-length peptide YY-analogue continuously administered in mice
The gastrointestinal peptide, peptide YY3–36 (PYY3–36) and its shorter peptide analogues have been reported to reduce appetite by activating the neuropeptide Y2 receptor (Y2R), which is associated with obesity and other metabolic diseases. A 14-amino acid PYY analogue, Ac-[d-Pro24,Cha27,28,36,Aib31]PYY(23–36) (3), showed high binding affinity and agonist activity for the Y2R, similar to that of PYY3–36, but had weak anorectic activity upon continuous administration in lean mice. Three amino acid substitutions [Pya(4)26, Aib28, Lys30], which contributed to the decreased hydrophobicity of 3, efficiently increased its anorectic activity. The compound containing these three amino acids, Ac-[d-Pro24,Pya(4)26,Cha27,36,Aib28,31,Lys30]PYY(23–36) (22), exerted more potent and durable food intake suppression than that by PYY3–36 in lean mice, as well as excellent Y2R agonist activity (EC50: 0.20nM) and good subcutaneous bioavailability (66.6%). The 11-day continuous administration of 22 at 1mg/kg/day successfully produced antiobese and antidiabetic effects, with more than 20% body weight loss in obese and Type 2 diabetes ob/ob model mice.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960894X17306571

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