3 years ago

Mixed cultivation as an effective approach to enhance microalgal biomass and triacylglycerol production in domestic secondary effluent

Mixed cultivation as an effective approach to enhance microalgal biomass and triacylglycerol production in domestic secondary effluent
Compared with monoculture, the mixed culture of certain microalgal strains showed important advantages, including higher biomass production, better resistance against sudden disruptions, and so on. In this study, the growth and lipid accumulation properties of Scenedesmus sp. LX1 (S. LX1) and Haematococcus pluvialis (H. pluvialis) were investigated in mixed culture using domestic secondary effluent as medium. In the mixed culture with initial biomass ratio of 4:1, 1:1 and 1:10 (S. LX1:H. pluvialis, w:w, dry weight), the total biomass production and triacylglycerol (TAG) production were enhanced significantly compared with the monocultures, and reached 0.51–0.54g·L−1 and 6.9–9.3mg·L−1 after 13-day cultivation, respectively. Further analysis revealed that interspecific nutrient competition between S. LX1 and H. pluvialis caused lower total nitrogen (TN) concentration in the medium of mixed culture, serving as an environmental stress to enhance the TAG accumulation. Furthermore, the soluble algal products (SAPs) released by H. pluvialis could improve the photosynthetic activity of S. LX1; while the SAPs released by S. LX1 could be assimilated by H. pluvialis for heterotrophic growth. The mutually beneficial relationship based on the effects of SAPs was the main mechanism of enhancing the total biomass produciton in the mixed culture.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1385894717312354

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