3 years ago

Water Multilayers on TiO2 (101) Anatase Surface: Assessment of a DFTB-Based Method

Water Multilayers on TiO2 (101) Anatase Surface: Assessment of a DFTB-Based Method
Gotthard Seifert, Daniele Selli, Gianluca Fazio, Cristiana Di Valentin
A water/(101) anatase TiO2 interface has been investigated with the DFT-based self-consistent-charge density functional tight-binding theory (SCC-DFTB). By comparison of the computed structural, energetic, and dynamical properties with standard DFT-GGA and experimental data, we assess the accuracy of SCC-DFTB for this prototypical solid–liquid interface. We tested different available SCC-DFTB parameters for Ti-containing compounds and, accordingly, combined them to improve the reliability of the method. To better describe water energetics, we have also introduced a modified hydrogen-bond-damping function (HBD). With this correction, equilibrium structures and adsorption energies of water on (101) anatase both for low (0.25 ML) and full (1 ML) coverages are in excellent agreement with those obtained with a higher level of theory (DFT-GGA). Furthermore, Born–Oppenheimer molecular dynamics (MD) simulations for mono-, bi-, and trilayers of water on the surface, as computed with SCC-DFTB, evidence similar ordering and energetics as DFT-GGA Car–Parrinello MD results. Finally, we have evaluated the energy barrier for the dissociation of a water molecule on the anatase (101) surface. Overall, the combined set of parameters with the HBD correction (SCC-DFTB+HBD) is shown to provide a description of the water/water/titania interface, which is very close to that obtained by standard DFT-GGA, with a remarkably reduced computational cost. Hence, this study opens the way to the future investigations on much more extended and realistic TiO2/liquid water systems, which are extremely relevant for many modern technological applications.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jctc.7b00479

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jctc.7b00479

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.