5 years ago

Potential-Scanning Localized Plasmon Sensing with Single and Coupled Gold Nanorods

Potential-Scanning Localized Plasmon Sensing with Single and Coupled Gold Nanorods
Hiroyasu Nishi, Tokuhisa Kawawaki, Tetsu Tatsuma, Paul Mulvaney, Heyou Zhang
Single plasmonic nanoparticles can potentially serve as optical sensors for detecting local refractive index changes. However, simultaneous monitoring of the scattering spectra from multiple nanoparticles is not practical. Here we perform potential-scanning localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) sensing. Gold nanorods are immobilized on an ITO electrode. Instead of collecting the full spectrum, as is done in conventional LSPR sensing, the electrode potential is scanned while the rod spectra are monitored at a single wavelength. We demonstrate that refractive index changes can be determined from single wavelength experiments and we further find that gold nanorod (NR) dimers exhibit higher refractive index sensitivities than single NRs in both potential-scanning and conventional wavelength-scanning based LSPR sensing.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01620

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01620

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