3 years ago

Discovery and Optimization of Chromeno[2,3-c]pyrrol-9(2H)-ones as Novel Selective and Orally Bioavailable Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Discovery and Optimization of Chromeno[2,3-c]pyrrol-9(2H)-ones as Novel Selective and Orally Bioavailable Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Yanfa Yu, Zengwei Lai, Yadan Huang, Haiju Geng, Deyan Wu, Yiping Chen, Hai-Bin Luo, Tianhua Zhang, Jianwen Chen, Yinuo Wu, Xiaolei Guo, Chen Zhang
Phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitors have been used as clinical agents to treat erectile dysfunction and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Herein, we detail the discovery of a novel series of chromeno[2,3-c]pyrrol-9(2H)-one derivatives as selective and orally bioavailable inhibitors against phosphodiesterase 5. Medicinal chemistry optimization resulted in 2, which exhibits a desirable inhibitory potency of 5.6 nM with remarkable selectivity as well as excellent pharmacokinetic properties and an oral bioavailability of 63.4%. In addition, oral administration of 2 at a dose of 5.0 mg/kg caused better pharmacodynamics effects on both mPAP (mean pulmonary artery pressure) and RVHI (index of right ventricle hypertrophy) than sildenafil citrate at a dose of 10.0 mg/kg. These activities along with its reasonable druglike properties, such as human liver microsomal stability, cytochrome inhibition, hERG inhibition, and pharmacological safety, indicate that 2 is a potential candidate for the treatment of PAH.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00523

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00523

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