5 years ago

An Orthogonal Multi-input Integration System to Control Gene Expression in Escherichia coli

An Orthogonal Multi-input Integration System to Control Gene Expression in Escherichia coli
Mario di Bernardo, Gianfranco Fiore, Lucia Marucci, Fabio Annunziata, Nigel J. Savery, Antoni Matyjaszkiewicz, Claire S. Grierson
In many biotechnological applications, it is useful for gene expression to be regulated by multiple signals, as this allows the programming of complex behavior. Here we implement, in Escherichia coli, a system that compares the concentration of two signal molecules, and tunes GFP expression proportionally to their relative abundance. The computation is performed via molecular titration between an orthogonal σ factor and its cognate anti-σ factor. We use mathematical modeling and experiments to show that the computation system is predictable and able to adapt GFP expression dynamically to a wide range of combinations of the two signals, and our model qualitatively captures most of these behaviors. We also demonstrate in silico the practical applicability of the system as a reference-comparator, which compares an intrinsic signal (reflecting the state of the system) with an extrinsic signal (reflecting the desired reference state) in a multicellular feedback control strategy.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssynbio.7b00109

DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.7b00109

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