5 years ago

Universal Method for Large-Scale Synthesis of Layered Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

Universal Method for Large-Scale Synthesis of Layered Transition Metal Dichalcogenides
Štěpán Huber, Jan Luxa, Zdeněk Sofer, Petr Lazar, Martin Veselý, Daniel Bouša, Martin Pumera, David Sedmidubský
The layered transition metal dichalcogenides are currently amongst the most intensively investigated materials. These compounds constitute a broad family of materials, with characteristic layered structures, covering both semiconductors and metallic materials. The great attention arises from the possibility to exfoliate these materials down to single layers with many unique properties, such as thickness dependent band-gap energy, and the possibility of tuning transport properties by phase transitions. The research in the field of transition metal dichalcogenides is also motivated by their high electrocatalytic activity towards several industrially important reactions, such as the hydrogen evolution reaction, as well as many other applications in nano- and optoelectronics. Although these materials are studied intensively, their availability is extremely limited and only disulfides of molybdenum and tungsten are broadly commercially available. Here an optimized procedure for simple direct synthesis of transition metal dichalcogenides using powder metals and elemental chalcogens is reported. The optimized thermal treatment allowed the synthesis scaling of the sulfides, selenides and tellurides of 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th group of layered-structure dichalcogenides. The synthesized transition metal dichalcogenides were single phase. The phase purity, structure, and morphology were investigated in detail by electron microscopy and EDS, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. Scale it up: A universal method is presented whereby transition metal dichalcogenides can be synthesized, in large scale, from metal powders and chalcogen in sealed quartz ampoules. A large number of materials were prepared and structurally characterized.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201701628

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.