3 years ago

Renal-Clearable PEGylated Porphyrin Nanoparticles for Image-Guided Photodynamic Cancer Therapy

Renal-Clearable PEGylated Porphyrin Nanoparticles for Image-Guided Photodynamic Cancer Therapy
Hector F. Valdovinos, Liang Cheng, Christopher G. England, Shreya Goel, Hyung-Jun Im, Zhuang Liu, Dawei Jiang, Todd E. Barnhart, Liangzhu Feng, Anyanee Kamkaew, Weibo Cai
Nanomaterials with renal clearance from the body within a reasonable timescale have shown great promises in the area of nanomedicine recently. However, the integration of theranostic and renal clearance properties into a single ultrasmall nanostructure remains a great challenge. Herein, meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPP) structure is utilized as a model, for the first time using noninvasive dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) imaging to investigate the balance of the renal clearance and tumor uptake behaviors of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified porphyrin nanoparticles (TCPP-PEG) with various molecular weights. This study finds that TCPP-PEG nanoparticles with larger molecular weight show higher tumor uptake due to the enhanced permeability and retention effect, while the lower ones tend to be better for renal clearance. Based on dynamic PET and fluorescence dual-modal imaging modalities, the TCPP-PEG10K nanoparticles seem to be an excellent choice for the balance of renal clearance and tumor retention. In vitro and in vivo photodynamic therapy confirms an excellent therapeutic efficacy. Therefore, this work presents a simplified approach to fabricate and select biocompatible multifunctional TCPP-PEG-based theranostic agents with renal clearance behavior, which highlights the clinical application potential of TCPP-PEG nanoparticles as theranostic probes for imaging-guided cancer therapy. Noninvasive dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) imaging is used to investigate the balance between renal clearance and tumor uptake behaviors of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified porphyrin nanoparticles (TCPP-PEG) with various molecular weights. TCPP-PEG10K nanoparticles with clearance behavior would be a good candidate for PET image-guided photodynamic therapy.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201702928

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.