5 years ago

Voltage Imaging: Pitfalls and Potential

Voltage Imaging: Pitfalls and Potential
Evan W. Miller, Rishikesh U. Kulkarni
Optical methods for interrogating membrane potential changes in neurons promise to revolutionize our ability to dissect the activity of individual cells embedded in neural circuits underlying behavior and sensation. A number of voltage imaging strategies have emerged in the past few years. This Perspective discusses developments in both small-molecule and genetically encoded fluorescent indicators of membrane potential. We survey recent advances in small-molecule fluorescent indicators that rely on photoinduced electron transfer to sense voltage as well as refinements of voltage-sensitive fluorescent proteins and new opsin-based strategies for monitoring voltage changes. We compare the requirements of fluorescent voltage indicators to those for more canonical Ca2+ sensing as a way to illuminate the particular challenges associated with voltage imaging.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00490

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00490

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