3 years ago

Glucosylceramide and Glucosylsphingosine Quantitation by Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry to Enable In Vivo Preclinical Studies of Neuronopathic Gaucher Disease

Glucosylceramide and Glucosylsphingosine Quantitation by Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry to Enable In Vivo Preclinical Studies of Neuronopathic Gaucher Disease
Richie Khanna, Rick Hamler, Michelle Frascella, Leo B. Dungan, Robert E. Boyd, Elfrida R. Benjamin, Kenneth J. Valenzano, Nastry Brignol, Hui H. Chang, Sean Morrison, Sean W. Clark
Gaucher disease (GD) is caused by mutations in the GBA1 gene that encodes the lysosomal enzyme acid β-glucosidase (GCase). Reduced GCase activity primarily leads to the accumulation of two substrates, glucosylceramide (GlcCer) and glucosylsphingosine (GlcSph). Current treatment options have not been shown to ameliorate the neurological pathology observed in the most severe forms of GD, clearly representing an unmet medical need. To better understand the relationship between GlcCer and GlcSph accumulation and ultimately their connection with the progression of neurological pathology, we developed LC-MS/MS methods to quantify GlcCer and GlcSph in mouse brain tissue. A significant challenge in developing these methods was the chromatographic separation of GlcCer and GlcSph from the far more abundant isobaric galactosyl epimers naturally occurring in white matter. After validation of both methods, we evaluated the levels of both substrates in five different GD mouse models, and found significant elevation of brain GlcSph in all five, while GlcCer was elevated in only one of the five models. In addition, we measured GlcCer and GlcSph levels in the brains of wild-type mice after administration of the GCase inhibitor conduritol β-epoxide (CBE), as well as the nonlysosomal β-glucosidase (GBA2) inhibitor N-butyldeoxygalactonojirimycin (NB-DGJ). Inhibition of GCase by CBE resulted in elevation of both sphingolipids; however, inhibition of GBA2 by NB-DGJ resulted in elevation of GlcCer only. Taken together, these data support the idea that GlcSph is a more selective and sensitive biomarker than GlcCer for neuronopathic GD in preclinical models.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01442

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01442

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.