3 years ago

Mini EXPLORER II: a prototype high-sensitivity PET/CT scanner for companion animal whole body and human brain scanning.

Yang Lyu, Xinyu Lv, Weiping Liu, Martin S Judenhofer, Allison Zwingenberger, Erik R Wisner, Eric Berg, Sarah Eva McKenney, Edwin K Leung, Benjamin A Spencer, Simon R Cherry, Ramsey D Badawi
As part of the EXPLORER total-body positron emission tomography (PET) project, we have designed and built a high-resolution, high-sensitivity PET/CT scanner which is expected to have excellent performance for companion animal whole body and human brain imaging. The PET component has a ring diameter of 52 cm and an axial field of view of 48.3 cm. The detector modules are composed of arrays of lutetium (yttrium) oxyorthosilicate (LYSO) crystals of dimensions 2.76x2.76x18.1 mm coupled to silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) for read-out. The CT component is a 24 detector row CT scanner with a 50 kW X-ray tube. PET system time-of-flight resolution was measured to be 409±39 ps and average system energy resolution was 11.7%±1.5% at 511 keV. The NEMA NU2-2012 system sensitivity was found to be 52-54 kcps/MBq. Spatial resolution was 2.6 mm at 10mm from the center of the FOV and 2.0 mm rods were clearly resolved on a mini-Derenzo phantom. Peak noise-equivalent count (NEC) rate, using the NEMA NU 2-2012 phantom, was measured to be 314 kcps at 9.2 kBq/cc. The CT scanner passed the technical components of the American College of Radiology (ACR) accreditation tests. We have also performed scans of a Hoffman brain phantom and we show images from the first canine patient imaged on this device.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/aafc6c

DOI: 10.1088/1361-6560/aafc6c

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