3 years ago

Targeted RNA‐seq successfully identifies normal and pathogenic splicing events in breast/ovarian cancer susceptibility and Lynch syndrome genes

Rita D. Brandão, Klaas Mensaert, Irene López-Perolio, Demis Tserpelis, Markos Xenakis, Vanessa Lattimore, Logan C. Walker, Anders Kvist, Ana Vega, Sara Gutiérrez-Enríquez, Orland Díez, KConFaB Investigators, Miguel de la Hoya, Amanda B. Spurdle, Tim De Meyer, Marinus J. Blok

Abstract

A subset of genetic variants found through screening of patients with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC) and Lynch syndrome impact RNA splicing. Through target enrichment of the transcriptome, it is possible to perform deep‐sequencing and to identify the different and even rare mRNA isoforms. A targeted RNA‐seq approach was used to analyse the naturally‐occurring splicing events for a panel of 8 breast and/or ovarian cancer susceptibility genes (BRCA1, BRCA2, RAD51C, RAD51D, PTEN, STK11, CDH1, TP53), 3 Lynch syndrome genes (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6) and the fanconi anemia SLX4 gene, in which monoallelic mutations were found in non‐BRCA families. For BRCA1, BRCA2, RAD51C and RAD51D the results were validated by capillary electrophoresis and were compared with a non‐targeted RNA‐seq approach. We also compared splicing events from lymphoblastoid cell‐lines with those from breast and ovarian fimbriae tissues. The potential of targeted RNA‐seq to detect pathogenic changes in RNA‐splicing was validated by the inclusion of samples with previously well characterized BRCA1/2 genetic variants. In this study, we update the catalogue of normal splicing events for BRCA1/2, provide an extensive catalogue of normal RAD51C and RAD51D alternative splicing, and list splicing events found for eight other genes. Additionally, we show that our approach allowed the identification of aberrant splicing events due to the presence of BRCA1/2 genetic variants and distinguished between complete and partial splicing events. In conclusion, targeted‐RNA‐seq can be very useful to classify variants based on their putative pathogenic impact on splicing.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.