3 years ago

DYRK1B regulates Hedgehog-induced microtubule acetylation

Rajeev Singh, Philipp Simon Holz, Katrin Roth, Anna Hupfer, Wolfgang Meissner, Rolf Müller, Malte Buchholz, Thomas M. Gress, Hans-Peter Elsässer, Ralf Jacob, Matthias Lauth

Abstract

The posttranslational modification (PTM) of tubulin subunits is important for the physiological functions of the microtubule (MT) cytoskeleton. Although major advances have been made in the identification of enzymes carrying out MT-PTMs, little knowledge is available on how intercellular signaling molecules and their associated pathways regulate MT-PTM-dependent processes inside signal-receiving cells. Here we show that Hedgehog (Hh) signaling, a paradigmatic intercellular signaling system, affects the MT acetylation state in mammalian cells. Mechanistically, Hh pathway activity increases the levels of the MT-associated DYRK1B kinase, resulting in the inhibition of GSK3β through phosphorylation of Serine 9 and the subsequent suppression of HDAC6 enzyme activity. Since HDAC6 represents a major tubulin deacetylase, its inhibition increases the levels of acetylated MTs. Through the activation of DYRK1B, Hh signaling facilitates MT-dependent processes such as intracellular mitochondrial transport, mesenchymal cell polarization or directed cell migration. Taken together, we provide evidence that intercellular communication through Hh signals can regulate the MT cytoskeleton and contribute to MT-dependent processes by affecting the level of tubulin acetylation.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00018-018-2942-5

DOI: 10.1007/s00018-018-2942-5

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