3 years ago

PUM1 and PUM2 exhibit different modes of regulation for SIAH1 that involve cooperativity with NANOS paralogues

Marcin Sajek, Damian Mikolaj Janecki, Maciej Jerzy Smialek, Barbara Ginter-Matuszewska, Anna Spik, Slawomir Oczkowski, Erkut Ilaslan, Kamila Kusz-Zamelczyk, Maciej Kotecki, Jacek Blazewicz, Jadwiga Jaruzelska

Abstract

Pumilio (PUM) proteins are RNA-binding proteins that posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression in many organisms. Their PUF domain recognizes specific PUM-binding elements (PBE) in the 3′ untranslated region of target mRNAs while engaging protein cofactors such as NANOS that repress the expression of target mRNAs through the recruitment of effector complexes. Although the general process whereby PUM recognizes individual mRNAs has been studied extensively, the particulars of the mechanism underlying PUM–NANOS cooperation in mRNA regulation and the functional overlap among PUM and NANOS paralogues in mammals have not been elucidated. Here, using the novel PUM1 and PUM2 mRNA target SIAH1 as a model, we show mechanistic differences between PUM1 and PUM2 and between NANOS1, 2, and 3 paralogues in the regulation of SIAH1. Specifically, unlike PUM2, PUM1 exhibited PBE-independent repression of SIAH1 3′UTR-dependent luciferase expression. Concordantly, the PUF domains of PUM1 and PUM2 showed different EMSA complex formation patterns with SIAH1 3′UTRs. Importantly, we show direct binding of NANOS3, but not NANOS2, to SIAH1 3′UTR, which did not require PBEs or the PUF domain. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report, showing that an NANOS protein directly binds RNA. Finally, using NANOS1 and NANOS3 constructs carrying mutations identified in infertile patients, we show that these mutations disrupt repression of the SIAH1-luciferase reporter and that the central region in NANOS1 appears to contribute to the regulation of SIAH1. Our findings highlight the mechanistic versatility of the PUM/NANOS machinery in mammalian posttranscriptional regulation.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00018-018-2926-5

DOI: 10.1007/s00018-018-2926-5

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