3 years ago

Therapeutic effect of N- acetyl cysteine as an antioxidant on rainbow trout's brain in cypermethrin toxicity

Gonca Alak, Aslı Çilingir Yeltekin, Fatma Betül Özgeriş, Veysel Parlak, Arzu Uçar, M. Sait Keleş, Muhammed Atamanalp

Publication date: April 2019

Source: Chemosphere, Volume 221

Author(s): Gonca Alak, Aslı Çilingir Yeltekin, Fatma Betül Özgeriş, Veysel Parlak, Arzu Uçar, M. Sait Keleş, Muhammed Atamanalp


The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of N-acetylcystein (NAC) against oxidative stress induced by Cypermethrin pesticide in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).

The experiment was designed as 5 groups (A, B, C, D, and E). Group A was organized as control group and had no treatment. The other groups were treated with Cypermethrin for 14 days. At the end of this period, Groups B (1.0 mM NAC) and D (0.5 mM NAC) was performed with NAC for 96 h. Group C was not administered NAC, the recovery process was evaluated with this group. Group E was exposed to cypermethrin during 14 days and sampled. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), paraoxonase (PON), arylesterase (AR), myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities, oxidative DNA damage (8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG)), caspase-3 levels, and trace elements contents analyses were performed in all fish brains.

According to the results, MDA, MPO, 8-OHdG and caspase-3 levels were significantly decreased compared to the other groups (pesticide and recovery) (p < 0.05), AChE, SOD, CAT, GPx, PON, and AR activities increased (p < 0.05). In brain tissue, no statistically significant difference was observed in trace element analysis of all application groups. According to the obtained data, the positive effect of N-acetylcysteine on protein synthesis, detoxification, and diverse metabolic functions against cypermethrin toxicity has been more effective in 1.0 mM NAC. NAC has important therapeutic effect on pesticide-induced neurotoxicity for fish in terms of all data. It was concluded that NAC has an antioxidant effect against pesticide-induced oxidative stress and the selected biochemical markers are useful for such studies.

Graphical abstract

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