3 years ago

Photonic Reactions Leading to Fluorescence in a Polymeric System Induced by the Photothermal Effect of Magnetite Nanoparticles Using a 780 nm Multiphoton Laser

Photonic Reactions Leading to Fluorescence in a Polymeric System Induced by the Photothermal Effect of Magnetite Nanoparticles Using a 780 nm Multiphoton Laser
June Park, Young Keun Kim, Hee-Dae Kim, Bum Chul Park, Yu Jin Kim
Recently, polymer-coated magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (NPs) are extensively studied for applications in therapeutics or diagnostics using photothermal effect. Therefore, it is essential to understand the interactions between Fe3O4 NPs and polymers when optical stimuli are applied. Herein, the photonic reactions of Fe3O4 NPs and polymer composites upon application of a 780 nm multiphoton laser are analyzed. The photonic reactions produce unique results including fluorescence from conformationally changed polymer and low-temperature phase transformation of Fe3O4 NPs. Typically, π-conjugated chains are formed, inducing fluorescence through a series of main and side-chain cleavage reactions of polymers with the aliphatic chain. In addition, fluorescence is detected in the cellular system by photonic reactions between Fe3O4 NPs and biomolecules. After multiphoton laser irradiation, light emission is detected near the intracellular Fe3O4 NPs, and a stronger intensity is observed in large-sized NPs. An interaction between Fe3O4 nanoparticles and polymeric molecules under multiphoton laser irradiation causes photothermal effect on Fe3O4 NPs. Conformationally changed polymers give rise to fluorescnece and phase transformation of Fe3O4 to FeO occurs. The photonic reactions in magnetic-polymer composites can be applied as photothermal reagents in cellular therapy and imaging.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/smll.201700897

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