3 years ago

Understanding the roles of surface proteins in regulation of Lactobacillus pentosus HC-2 to immune response and bacterial diversity in midgut of Litopenaeus vannamei

Yang Du, Shuhong Zhou, Mei Liu, Baojie Wang, Keyong Jiang, Han Fang, Lei Wang

Publication date: March 2019

Source: Fish & Shellfish Immunology, Volume 86

Author(s): Yang Du, Shuhong Zhou, Mei Liu, Baojie Wang, Keyong Jiang, Han Fang, Lei Wang

Abstract

The interactions of microbiota in the intestines play an important role in promoting or maintaining the health of hosts. The present study aim to investigate the effects of the surface proteins of Lactobacillus pentosus HC-2 on the immune response and the bacterial composition of Litopenaeus vannamei, thus, the immune-related genes, surface condition, HC-2 numbers and the bacteria diversity in midgut were explored after shrimp feeding the normal HC-2 and 5 M −  lithium chloride (LiCl) treated HC-2 for four weeks. Obvious improvements in the intestinal surface were observed in R group than the control group and L group. qPCR analysis demonstrated that the selected immune-related genes of lysozyme, proPO, LGBP, PEN-3α, crustin, and lvLec were significantly up-regulated in group R than in group L. Meanwhile, in the challenge test, shrimp in R group received 72% relative percent survival, which was significantly higher than the L group (RPS = 9%). The bacteria composition analysis showed that the abundance of Proteobacteria were significantly higher in group R and L than in group C, and the Bacteroidetes were significantly higher in group C than in group R and L, whereas the numbers of Chloroflexi were significantly higher in group R than in group C and L. The bacterial community difference analysis revealed that the harmful bacteria such as genus of Vibrio, Tenacibaculu and Thalassobius were decreased and the beneficial bacterium as Ruegeria and Lactobacillus were increased in R group, whereas this phenomenon were not found in L group. Taken together, above results indicating that the surface proteins were indispensable for L. pentosus HC-2 adhesion and colonization in shrimp intestines to improve intestine condition, enhance immune response, competitively exclude the pathogens, and promote the beneficial bacteria growth to protect the shrimp from pathogens infection. The findings in this work will help to promote the understanding of the roles of probiotics in shrimp intestines displaying probiotic-function by regulating the intestinal bacteria.

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