3 years ago

Norway and black rats in Europe: Potential reservoirs for zoonotic arthropod‐borne pathogens?

Anna Obiegala, Elisa Heuser, René Ryll, Christian Imholt, Johanna Fürst, Lisa-Marie Prautsch, Anita Plenge-Bönig, Rainer G. Ulrich, Martin Pfeffer

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) and black rats (R. rattus) are known to be cosmopolitan reservoirs for zoonotic agents. Nevertheless only little is known about prevalence and distribution of arthropod‐borne pathogens in rats from Europe. Therefore this survey was focused on the detection of arthropod‐borne pathogens. Spleen‐derived DNA samples were available from 528 Norway rats and from 74 black rats collected in several European countries. Further, these samples were processed by PCR for the detection of zoonotic pathogens such as Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis (CNM), Babesia spp. and Bartonella spp. eventually followed by sequencing.

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