Recent advances in co-thermochemical conversions of biomass with fossil fuels focusing on the synergistic effects
Publication date: April 2019
Source: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 103
Author(s): Ziqi Yang, Yuanqing Wu, Zisheng Zhang, Hong Li, Xingang Li, Roman I. Egorov, Pavel A. Strizhak, Xin Gao
Biomass is vital for future energy use, but several disadvantages obstruct its commercial applications. Co-thermochemical conversions of biomass and fossil fuels are alternative methods for offsetting the disadvantages of biomass and improving the quality of bio-oil. This paper overviewed the state-of-the-art research and development of co-thermochemical conversions of biomass and fossil fuels (i.e., coal, oil sand and oil shale). Emphasis was placed on different types of feedstocks, three thermochemical conversion methods (i.e., co-pyrolysis, co-gasification and co-liquefaction) and the synergistic effects. Furthermore, the influencing factors, advantages and disadvantages, and the possible mechanisms related to these co-thermochemical conversion technologies are discussed. The current developments and prospects for co-thermochemical conversions of biomass and fossil fuels are also proposed.
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