3 years ago

Numerical investigations on combustion and emission characteristics of a novel elliptical jet-stabilized model combustor

Xiao Yang, Zhihong He, Penghua Qiu, Shikui Dong, Heping Tan

Publication date: 1 March 2019

Source: Energy, Volume 170

Author(s): Xiao Yang, Zhihong He, Penghua Qiu, Shikui Dong, Heping Tan


In this study, a novel elliptical jet-stabilized combustor is developed; the combustion and emission characteristics are numerically investigated and compared with those of a circular jet-stabilized combustor. Five elliptical combustors with different semi-major/semi-minor axis ratios (1.00, 1.27, 1.56, 1.89, and 2.25) are considered, and an optimization method for adjustable stabilizer jet air supply is proposed. An Eulerian-Lagrangian approach is used for solving the liquid fuel spray. Employing the realizable k-ε turbulence model and the finite-rate/eddy-dissipation model simulates the turbulent combustion. The discrete ordinate method is used to model thermal radiation, and the thermal and prompt NO formations are to be predictive of NO emissions. The numerical models are validated against available experimental data. The results show that the semi-major/semi-minor axis ratio significantly affects the performance of elliptical jet-stabilized combustors. To improve the temperature uniformity and to reduce NO emissions, the proposed optimization method is successfully applied. Compared with the circular combustor, the optimized elliptical combustor achieves strong mixing performance, resulting in improved combustion and emission performance. By adjusting the major/minor axis jet mass flow rate ratio (ma/mb = 0.6) in the elliptical combustor with semi-major/semi-minor axis ratio of 1.56, NO emissions are reduced by 50% compared with the circular combustor.

Graphical abstract

Image 1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.