On the relationship between Dropout and Equiangular Tight Frames.
Dropout is a popular regularization technique in neural networks. Yet, the reason for its success is still not fully understood. This paper provides a new interpretation of Dropout from a frame theory perspective. By drawing a connection to recent developments in analog channel coding, we suggest that for a certain family of autoencoders with a linear encoder, the minimizer of an optimization with dropout regularization on the encoder is an equiangular tight frame (ETF). Since this optimization is non-convex, we add another regularization that promotes such structures by minimizing the cross-correlation between filters in the network. We demonstrate its applicability in convolutional and fully connected layers in both feed-forward and recurrent networks. All these results suggest that there is indeed a relationship between dropout and ETF structure of the regularized linear operations.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1810.06049
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