3 years ago

Ongoing star formation at the outskirts of Sextans A: Spectroscopic detection of early-O type stars.

Miriam Garcia, Artemio Herrero, Francisco Najarro, Inés Camacho, Marta Lorenzo

With both nebular- and stellar-derived abundances of $\lesssim$ 1/10 Zsun and low foreground extinction, Sextans A is a prime candidate to replace the Small Magellanic Cloud as reservoir of metal-poor massive stars and reference to study the metal-poor Universe. We report the discovery of two early-O type stars in Sextans A, the earliest O-stars with metallicity < 1/7 Zsun known to date, and two additional O9 stars. Colour-excess estimates towards individual targets, enabled by spectral typing, manifest that internal reddening is neither uniform nor negligible. The four targets define a new region of star formation far from the optically-brightest centre of the galaxy and from its conspicuous HII shells, but not devoid of neutral hydrogen. In fact, we detect a spatial correlation between OB-stars and HI in Sextans A and other dIrr's that leads us to propose that the neutral phase may be fundamental to star formation in low-density environments. According to the existing evidence at least two of the targets formed in isolation, thus suggestive of an stochastic sampling of the initial mass function that would enable low-mass galaxies like Sextans A to form very massive stars. The discovery of these four stars provide spatially-resolved, spectroscopic confirmation of recent findings suggesting that dwarf galaxies can sustain star formation despite the low density of the gas phase.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1901.02466

DOI: arXiv:1901.02466v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.