4 years ago

Pairing, waltzing and scattering of chemotactic active colloids.

Suropriya Saha, Sriram Ramaswamy, Ramin Golestanian

An interacting pair of chemotactic (anti-chemotactic) active colloids, that can rotate their axes of self-propulsion to align {parallel (anti-parallel)} to a chemical gradient, shows dynamical behaviour that varies from bound states to scattering. The underlying two-body interactions are purely dynamical, non-central, non-reciprocal, and controlled by changing the catalytic activity and phoretic mobility. Mutually chemotactic colloids trap each other in a final state of fixed separation; the resulting `active dimer' translates. A second type of bound state is observed where the polar axes undergo periodic cycles leading to phase-synchronised circular motion around a common point. These bound states are formed depending on initial conditions and can unbind on increasing the speed of self propulsion. Mutually anti-chemotactic swimmers always scatter apart. We also classify the fixed points underlying the bound states, and the bifurcations leading to transitions from one type of bound state to another, for the case of a single swimmer in the presence of a localised source of solute.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1901.02485

DOI: arXiv:1901.02485v1

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