3 years ago

Anisotropic magnetic entropy change in Cr$_2$X$_2$Te$_6$ (X = Si and Ge).

Yu Liu, C. Petrovic

Intrinsic, two-dimensional (2D) ferromagnetic semiconductors are an important class of materials for spintronics applications. Cr$_2$X$_2$Te$_6$ (X = Si and Ge) semiconductors show 2D Ising-like ferromagnetism, which is preserved in few-layer devices. The maximum magnetic entropy change associated with the critical properties around the ferromagnetic transition for Cr$_2$Si$_2$Te$_6$ $-\Delta S_M^{max} \sim$ 5.05 J kg$^{-1}$ K$^{-1}$ is much larger than $-\Delta S_M^{max} \sim$ 2.64 J kg$^{-1}$ K$^{-1}$ for Cr$_2$Ge$_2$Te$_6$ with an out-of-plane field change of 5 T. The rescaled $-\Delta S_M(T,H)$ curves collapse onto a universal curve independent of temperature and field for both materials. This indicates similar critical behavior and 2D Ising magnetism, confirming the magnetocrystalline anisotropy that could preserve the long-range ferromagnetism in few-layers of Cr$_2$X$_2$Te$_6$.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1901.02876

DOI: arXiv:1901.02876v1

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