Light-Neutrino Exchange and Long-Distance Contributions to $0\nu2\beta$ Decays: An Exploratory Study on $\pi\pi\to ee$.
We present an exploratory lattice QCD calculation of the neutrinoless double beta decay $\pi\pi\to ee$. Under the mechanism of light-neutrino exchange, the decay amplitude involves significant long-distance contributions. The calculation reported here, with pion masses $m_\pi=420$ and 140 MeV, demonstrates that the decay amplitude can be computed from first principles using lattice methods. At unphysical and physical pion masses, we obtain that amplitudes are $24\%$ and $9\%$ smaller than the predication from leading order chiral perturbation theory. Our findings provide the lattice QCD inputs and constraints for effective field theory. A follow-on calculation with fully controlled systematic errors will be possible with adequate computational resources.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1809.10511
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