3 years ago

Predicted MOND velocity dispersions for a catalog of ultra-diffuse galaxies in group environments.

Oliver Müller, Benoit Famaey, Hongsheng Zhao

The possibility that ultra-diffuse galaxies lacking dark matter has recently stimulated interest to check the validity of Modified Newton Dynamics (MOND) predictions on the scale of such galaxies. It has been shown that the External Field Effect (EFE) induced by the close-by galaxy can suppress the velocity dispersion of these systems, so that they appear almost dark matter free in the Newtonian context. Here, following up on this, we are making a priori predictions for the velocity dispersion of 22 ultra-diffuse galaxies in the nearby Universe. This sample can be used to test MOND and the EFE with future follow-up measurements. We construct a catalog of nearby ultra-diffuse galaxies in galaxy group environments, and set upper and lower limits for the possible velocity dispersion allowed in MOND, taking into account possible variations in the mass-to-light ratio of the dwarf and in the distance to the galaxy group. The prediction for the velocity dispersion is made as a function of the three dimensional separation of the dwarf to its host. In 17 out of 22 cases, the EFE plays a crucial role in the prediction.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1901.02679

DOI: arXiv:1901.02679v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.