3 years ago

Magnetoelectric Coupling by Giant Piezoelectric Tensor Design.

J. Irwin, S. Lindemann, W. Maeng, J. J. Wang, V. Vaithyanathan, J. M. Hu, L. Q. Chen, D. G. Schlom, C. B. Eom, M. S. Rzchowski

Strain-coupled magnetoelectric (ME) phenomena in piezoelectric / ferromagnetic thin-film bilayers are a promising paradigm for sensors and information storage devices, where strain is utilized to manipulate the magnetization of the ferromagnetic film. In-plane magnetization rotation with an electric field across the film thickness has been challenging due to the virtual elimination of in-plane piezoelectric strain by substrate clamping, and to the requirement of anisotropic in-plane strain in two-terminal devices. We have overcome both of these limitations by fabricating lithographically patterned devices with a piezoelectric membrane on a soft substrate platform, in which in-plane strain is freely generated, and a patterned edge constraint that transforms the nominally isotropic piezoelectric strain into the required uniaxial strain. We fabricated 500 nm thick, (001) oriented [Pb(Mg$_{1/3}$Nb$_{2/3}$)O$_3$]$_{0.7}$-[PbTiO$_3$]$_{0.3}$ (PMN-PT) unclamped piezoelectric membranes with ferromagnetic Ni overlayers. Guided by analytical and numerical continuum elastic calculations, we designed and fabricated two-terminal devices exhibiting Ni magnetization rotation in response to an electric field across the PMN-PT. Similar membrane heterostructures could be used to apply designed strain patterns to many other materials systems to control properties such as superconductivity, band topology, conductivity, and optical response.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1901.02456

DOI: arXiv:1901.02456v1

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