3 years ago

Effects of a magnetic field on vortex states in superfluid $^3$He-B.

Kenichi Kasamatsu, Ryota Mizuno, Tetsuo Ohmi, Mikio Nakahara

Superfluid $^3$He-B possesses three locally stable vortices known as a normal-core vortex ($o$-vortex), an A-phase-core vortex ($v$-vortex), and a double-core vortex ($d$-vortex). In this work, we study the effects of a magnetic field parallel or perpendicular to the vortex axis on these structures by solving the two-dimensional Ginzburg-Landau equation for two different sets of strong coupling correction. The energies of the $v$- and $d$-vortices have nontrivial dependence on the magnetic field. As a longitudinal magnetic field increases, the $v$-vortex is energetically unstable even for high pressures and the $d$-vortex becomes energetically most stable for all possible range of pressure. For a transverse magnetic field the energy of the $v$-vortex becomes lower than that of the $d$-vortex in the high pressure side. In addition, the orientation of the double cores in the $d$-vortex prefers to be parallel to the magnetic field at low pressures, while the $d$-vortex with the double cores perpendicular to the magnetic field is allowed to continuously deform into the $v$-vortex by increasing the pressure.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1901.02638

DOI: arXiv:1901.02638v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.