3 years ago

Statistical mechanics of asymmetric tethered membranes: spiral and crumpled phases.

Tirthankar Banerjee, Niladri Sarkar, John Toner, Abhik Basu

We develop the elastic theory for inversion-asymmetric tethered membranes and use it to identify and study their possible phases. Asymmetry in a tethered membrane causes spontaneous curvature, which in general depends upon the local in-plane dilation of the tethered network. This in turn leads to long-ranged interactions between the local mean and Gaussian curvatures, which is not present in symmetric tethered membranes. This interplay between asymmetry and Gaussian curvature leads to a new {\em double-spiral} phase not found in symmetric tethered membranes. At temperature $T=0$, tethered membranes of arbitrarily large size are always rolled up tightly into a conjoined pair of Archimedes' spirals. At finite $T$ this spiral structure swells up significantly into algebraic spirals characterized by universal exponents which we calculate. These spirals have long range orientational order, and are the asymmetric analogs of statistically flat symmetric tethered membranes. We also find that sufficiently strong asymmetry can trigger a structural instability leading to crumpling of these membranes as well. This provides a new route to crumpling for asymmetric tethered membranes. We calculate the maximum linear extent $L_c$ beyond which the membrane crumples, and calculate the universal dependence of $L_c$ on the membrane parameters. By tuning the asymmetry parameter, $L_c$ can be continuously varied, implying a {\em scale-dependent} crumpling. Our theory can be tested on controlled experiments on lipids with artificial deposits of spectrin filaments, in-vitro experiments on %\sout{artificial deposition of spectrin filaments on} red blood cell membrane extracts, %\sout{after %depletion of adenosine-tri-phosphate molecules} and on graphene coated on one side.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1901.02848

DOI: arXiv:1901.02848v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.